Negotiations between civil servants resulted in a draft agreement that was to be finalised at a meeting between Jean-Claude Juncker and Theresa May on 4 December 2017 in Brussels. There has been progress in financial settlement and civil rights, but the meeting was interrupted after the Northern Ireland Democratic Unionist Party opposed agreements for the Irish border.  We call the agreement a “Good Friday Agreement,” although we recognize that different groups use different nomenclatures and interpret the label differently. We do not intend to pass on applications from one group to another. 14 Therefore, the GFA, as a common and reciprocal redefinition of British and Irish public sovereignty over Northern Ireland, was a remarkably incomplete and unfinished constitutional process. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom and its border problem in Ireland show that the 1998 agreement did not go far enough to provide for an explicit, indisputable and constitutional (new) definition of the Dublin and London obligations as the sovereign guarantee of the agreement. It could be argued that a hard border would complicate the work of this part of the agreement. And in each of the debates we have analysed, the DUP breaks that promise by speaking out strongly against the withdrawal agreement. Unsurprisingly, they see the backstop as a threat.
Former British Prime Minister John Major has argued that Brexit could lead to a hard border, with the European Union and the UK having to control their borders for customs purposes.  The Conservative Party research group believes that the UK may have the choice of not controlling its border if VAT is not imposed or controlling the border to apply possible VAT on goods imported after Brexit.   Kit Malthouse was attributed as a contagion of an agreement between the Conservative Party`s narrow factions on Brexit on 29 January 2019.  The proposal consisted of two parts. Plan A was the re-opening of the withdrawal agreement with the EU and the renegotiation of the backstop. Britain`s transition period would also be extended, giving more time to agree on future relations. Plan B looked like a managed “no deal.” The Malthouse compromise was seen by some Leavers as a complement to the Graham Brady amendment: in short, it was intended to replace the backstop with another that would either allow a smooth transition to an agreement or create a triple safety net if there was no agreement. EU negotiators said the plan was unrealistic and that the Conservative party was negotiating with itself, with an EU official even calling it a “bonker.”   On March 13, 2019, the House of Commons voted against the Malthouse compromise with a lead of 374-164 McCabe, C. 2019. How Brexit threatens peace in Northern Ireland. The Atlantic.
February 8th. www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2019/02/brexit-threatens-peace-northern-ireland-remain-eu/582970/.