Question 6. When and why was the Communist Party of India (CPI) divided into two groups? (Delhi 2012) Or why did the Indian Communist Party split in 1964? (HOTS); Answer: In 1964, the Communist Party of India (CPI) was divided into two factions because the pro-udSSR group remained close to Congress and the ICC (M) opposed any ties to Congress because they were closer to China. The agreement was negotiated by Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin, who had invited the parties to Tashkent. The parties agreed to remove all armed forces from positions that were occupied before August 5, 1965; Renewing diplomatic relations; and to discuss economic, refugee and other issues. The agreement was criticized in India because it contained no war pact or renouncement of guerrilla aggression in Kashmir. Question 3. Explain the circumstances that forced Tibetans to leave China. Highlight India`s role in helping Tibetan refugees, All India 2015 or What was the question of Tibet? How did it create tensions between India and China? Tell me. (Delhi 2012) OR What was the question of Tibet? How has India helped Tibetan migrants settle? (All India 2012) Answer: China had been administering Tibet for a long time and wanted to control all its parts that China made in 1950. Tibet was a good friend of India, because India in history therefore insisted that China give independence to Tibet. Under the Panchsheel Agreement, India has recognized China`s claim to Tibet.
China has assured India that it will guarantee full autonomy. But these Tibetan issues have led to a war between China and India. Question 5. What were the two reasons that were, before 1971, a source of discontent among the Pakistani population (now Bangladesh) with Western Pakistan? (Delhi 2013) Answer: The two reasons are: Foreign policy in the time of Shastri, Indira Gandhi and Morarji Desai India was faced with a war between the time of Shastri and Mrs. Gandhi. Both have maintained the integrity and sovereignty of the country. Foreign policy on both sides has focused on the peace and prosperous development of India and neighbouring countries. Both preferred Nehrus` concept of non-aligned movement and had good relations with Asian and African countries. In the time of Morarji Desai, when the Janta party came to power. In 1977, it focused on NAM and followed NAM`s rules and regulations and its foreign policy towards the pro-USSR. Question 11.
What is panchsheel? (All India 2011) Answer: The Panchsheel Agreement was signed in 1954 by Zhou Enlai (Chinese Prime Minister) and his Indian counterpart Pandit Nehru. This agreement defined the five principles: the Delhi Agreement on the Return of Civilian Internees and War is a tripartite agreement between these states, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, the Foreign Minister of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, the Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Pakistani government.   This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of the ratification instruments.  Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972 Lahimla Agreement: What is it? The Shimla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and by Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh.